Cabuoan Elementary School is located in Cabuoan Village of Santa Maria, Laguna. The Village has 450 families living below the poverty line with their main source of income derived from farming, rice planting and raising poultry. A limited number of people are working in government positions, so income is very dependent upon low skilled and seasonal work.
The village and school receive their water supply from a spring and shallow well. Although the water may appear clear, it contains bacteria and other contaminants that cause diarrhea and stomachaches. Amoebiasis is prevalent among students.
Cabuoan is surrounded by small lakes that serve as catch basins during seasonally heavy rainfall. Residents complain about waterborne diseases, such as typhoid fever, athlete foots and leptospirosis, that are caused by the flooding and standing water.
Like other schoolteachers in the region, teachers purchase bottled water in town, but they cannot afford to share with their students. Unfortunately, the majority of students drink directly from the taps.