Bagumbayan Elementary School is located in Bagumbayan Village, a rural community of the Laguna, Philippines area. The 515 families that make this community home earn a living from farming activity that includes rice planting and hauling loads of coconut from mountains to be sold in the local market. Most families are living below the poverty line.
The village and school are supplied with water from a spring that serves as the main source of drinking water. Although this is spring water, there are reports of diarrhea and tummy aches among students because the spring is contaminated from seasonal flooding.
There are several small lakes that serve as catch basins during heavy seasonal rains. Several of these cause flooding in the area and become breeding grounds for waterborne diseases, such us skin rashes, fungal infectiions and other diseases transmitted through water contaminated with human or animal waste. During rainy season, typhoid fever and leptospirosis is evident in this area.
Teachers buy bottled water from a nearby water station, but this is only for their own consumption because of the cost to purchase for students. The majority of student are drinking from unfiltered water taps. According to the teacher-in-charge, there are several cases of diarrhea at the school – and most common is Amoebiasis.